نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه پیام‏ نور، تهران

چکیده

هرچند بحران اوکراین با ایجاد تنش میان روسیه-غرب و اعمال تحریم‏های متقابل، نمایشهای نظامی و درگیری‏های دیپلماتیک همراه بود، اما تأثیر چندانی بر سیاست‏های فدراسیون روسیه در شمالگان و نظامی‏گرایی روسی در این منطقه نداشته است. هم‏زمان مسکو توانسته است، همکاری در شمالگان را به‏رغم تنش‏های کنونی با غرب کماکان در سطح مطلوبی حفظ نماید و روابط خود را با دیگر بازیگران منطقه‏ای به‏صورت همکاری‏جویانه گسترش دهد. پرسش اصلی مقاله حاضر این است که «چرا رفتار روسیه در شمالگان به‏رغم رقابت آن با ایالات متحده و غرب غیرمناقشه‏آمیز بوده و چرا احتمال وقوع تجربه اوکراین در شمالگان دور از واقع است؟» برای پاسخ به این پرسش، مولف با تدقیق در دو رویکرد نظری «وابستگی متقابل پیچیده» و «نوواقع‏گرایی» این فرضیه را به آزمون گذاشته است که برتری موضع روسیه در شمالگان و عدم تهدید جدی منافع آن در این منطقه از سوی دیگر قدرت‏ها، بازی روسیه در شمالگان را متفاوت از سایر مناطق رقم زده است به‏گونه‏ای که کسب حداکثری منافع مسکو در شمالگان نیازمند همکاری و دست‏کم پرهیز از بروز تنش در این منطقه است. به همین جهت نیز بحران اوکراین بر فهم مسکو از شمالگان به‏عنوان منطقه همکاری بین‏المللی و صلح تأثیر چندانی نداشته است. یافته‏های مقاله نیز که از نوع مقایسه‏ای بوده و با روش توصیفی-تحلیلی انجام شده است، درستی فرضیه مقاله را تأیید می‏کند.

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