نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد لامرد.

چکیده

آسیای مرکزی ظرفیت ‏های بسیاری برای تولید و به ‏کارگیری انرژی ‏های برگشت‏ پذیر در اختیار دارد. رفع دغدغه ناامنی انرژی در منطقه شاید بزرگ ‏ترین انگیزه دولت ‏های آسیای مرکزی برای توسعه منابع برگشت‏ پذیر انرژی محسوب شود زیرا آسیای مرکزی، اگرچه به ‏لحاظ ذخایر هیدروکربنی غنی است، اما توزیع نابرابر آنها در میان کشورها، فرسودگی تأسیسات و مدیریت ناکارآمد انرژی تهدیدی برای توسعه کل آسیای مرکزی محسوب می‏ شود. با این همه، حرکت به ‏سمت انرژی‏ های جایگزین مزایای فراوان دیگری را نیز برای کل آسیای مرکزی در بر خواهد داشت که برخی از آنها پیامد رفع نگرانی از ایجاد امنیت انرژی در منطقه است. ارتقای همکاری منطقه ‏ای یکی از مزایای قطعی گسترش منابع برگشت ‏پذیر در کشورهای آسیای مرکزی به‏ ‏شمار می‏ آید که مقاله حاضر درپی بررسی آن برآمده است. بر این اساس، مباحث مقاله حول محور این پرسش شکل گرفته است که «پیاده‏ سازی طرح‏ های انرژی برگشت ‏پذیر از سوی کشورهای آسیای مرکزی چه تأثیری بر ارتقای همکاری‏ های منطقه ‏ای خواهد داشت و چرا؟» فرضیه مقاله این  است که «پیاده ‏سازی طرح‏ های انرژی برگشت‏ پذیر از سوی کشورهای آسیای مرکزی به ‏دلیل وابستگی متقابل و هم‏ تکمیلی کشورهای آسیای مرکزی در حوزه انرژی، قرارداشتن منابع انرژی برگشت‏ پذیر در حوزه منافع مشترک (و نه موازی، اختلاف‏ زا یا متعارض) و نیاز کشورهای منطقه به یک سیستم انرژی یکپارچه می ‏تواند همکاری‏ های میان ‏دولتی را در جهت همگرایی منطقه ‏ای ارتقا بخشد». مقاله حاضر از نوع توصیفی-تحلیلی بوده و برای تجزیه ‏وتحلیل داده‏ ها از روش علی استفاده شده است. یافته ‏های مقاله نیز تا حد زیادی در جهت تأیید فرضیه بوده ‏اند.

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