Document Type : Research Paper


Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, University of Tehran


After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Turkey was the first country that recognised the independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan. This country uses the geopolitical vacuum to increase its influence in the Republic of Azerbaijan, which have many cultural and linguistic similarities in common. Since the appearance of this century, Ankara and Baku have expanded their cooperation in the field of infrastructure projects and energy. These relations increased during the Second Karabakh War and reached its peak with the Shushi Declaration. This declaration outlines the role of the future relations between the two countries and endorses the slogan of “one nation and two governments”. Therefore, this article tries to answer this question with a descriptive analytical method of relationships and by using the constructivist theory as one of the international perspectives that especially pays attention to the "identity" and its role in shaping policies. What is the role of panturkism The development and deepening of the Baku-Ankara strategic alliance? and how and in what ways does this alliance affect the national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran? The hypotheses raised in response to this question is that pan-Turkism creates important functions in the alliance of Baku and Ankara, which puts these two in the in a new array of geopolitical, geoeconomic and geocultural in front of the the national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran. In this research, the method of data collecting is using written sources e.g. books, articles, documents and internet data.