Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Unit

2 Ministry of Foreign affairs - Adviser to political deputy


The buffer space, how it is formed, the survival of this space, and its role in regulating the power equation between different countries is one of the significant topics that entered the political literature in a clear and structured way, especially from the end of the 19th century. The understanding of the concept of a buffer has been developed throughout history and due to the systematization of relations between different countries and the emergence of the international system. This article is a new expression of the growing development of its concepts and functions in this particular field. In this article, an attempt has been made to first present a general picture of the concept of the buffer space based on the study, understanding and perception of researchers, which is mostly a matter of consensus, and then to present new concepts and perceptions of the buffer space, which are mainly affected by the developments that have occurred during the current century. Continuous occurrence, to be offered. This new understanding of the buffer space will be in two separate images with different coordinates. In a picture, geography as the main base will still maintain its position with a different function. In the second image, geography has lost its concept, its function is beyond geographical boundaries, with a nature separate from national governments, and its purpose is independent narrating of the phenomenon.