رقابت و واگرایی در سازمان همکاری شانگهای؛ با تأکید بر اختلافات چین-روسیه و هند-پاکستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت راهبردی، دانشگاه و پژوهشگاه عالی دفاع ملی و تحقیقات راهبردی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

چشم انداز همگرایانه تعمیق همکاری‌ها میان اعضای سازمان همکاری شانگهای طی دو دهه گذشته به ویژه بعد از گسترش جغرافیایی اخیر آن به ‏سمت جنوب آسیا با سئوالات جدی مواجه شده ‏است. جدی‏ ترین و دیرپاترین اختلاف دوجانبه در سازمان همکاری شانگهای میان هند و پاکستان بر سر کشمیر در جریان است. اختلاف در برداشت ‏ها و تفاسیر پکن و مسکو از نحوه عمل در نظام بین ‏الملل کنونی و خواست متفاوت آنها از سازمان همکاری شانگهای - در کنار سایر عوامل-  نیز با تأثیر بر مأموریت ‏ها و عملکرد این سازمان می تواند به ‏مثابه یک عامل‌ واگرا عمل نماید. پرسش محوری مقاله این است که «اصلی ‏ترین رقابت ‏های درونی سازمان همکاری شانگهای کدام هستند و چه تأثیری بر انسجام و آینده این سازمان دارند؟» فرضیه به آزمون گذاشته شده این بوده ‏است که «اصلی ‏ترین رقابت ‏ها در سازمان همکاری شانگهای میان چین و روسیه برای تعیین جهت و دستورکار این سازمان و میان هند و پاکستان بر سر مسأله کشمیر در جریان است که اولی از طریق پراکندگی در اولویت ‏های سازمان و دومی به ‏واسطه تضعیف پیوندهای امنیتی و دفاعی میان اعضا، ظرفیت های واگرایی در سازمان را تقویت و مانع ارتقای آن در آینده می ‏شود».

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